Learn about Likert Scales in SPSS and how to copy labels from one variable to another in this video. Entering codes for Likert Scales into SPSS is also covered.

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Likert scale SPSS video.

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Video Transcript: In this video we’ll take a look at how to enter value labels for a variable which will be review since we’ve done that before. But then I also want to show you how to apply value labels that were entered for one variable to a number of different variables which can be really useful as it’s a great time saver. Here in this data set notice that I have 10 people and I have the variables gender, item 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. And they answered on what’s known as a Likert scale. Now you very well may have heard of a Likert scale before and the first thing is you may have heard of it called LIKE-ERT scale which is very common to call it that but it’s actually Likert, so it’s pronounced LICK-ERT instead of LIKE-ERT and it was developed by Rensis Likert in the early to middle 1900s he developed the scale. And it’s used so commonly, it’s used in this 5-point option as you see here, 5 to 1, and we’ll talk about that in just a moment. You’ll also see it in a 7-point option, it’s very commonly used that way. And less commonly so but you’ll see it in other ways like 9-point scale and so forth. And it’s used with many different kinds of descriptions like definitely true, somewhat true, and so forth; not just agree as you see here. So, in the most traditional use of this scale, which is what we see right here, we have a 5=strongly agree, a 4=agree, 3 is neither agree nor disagree – this is sometimes called neutral – 2 is disagree and then 1 is strongly disagree. On item 1 they would read the following statement: I can turn to others for support when needed. And then what they do is they read that item, they look at these 5 options, and if it’s someone who has a lot of support in their network or friendships or what have you, they might answer 5, strongly agree, or 4, agree. And if it’s someone who doesn’t experience a lot of social support, they might answer a 1 for strongly disagree or a 2 for disagree and so on. So, the first person here in row 1, notice for item 1 they answered a 4, so they answered agree. Item 2 they answered a 5 for strongly agree and so on. If we look down item 1, did anyone answer strongly disagree – let’s take a look at that. We’re looking for a 1 here, and notice that participant number 9, they answered a 1 on item 1, so they answered strongly disagree, and so on. So what I want to do here is go ahead and enter the value labels for item 1 so we’re going to enter these into SPSS that you see here. And then I want to show you how to apply those to the remaining items in a very quick way. First of all, notice that we have gender, if I click on my value labels button here as a review, gender is already coded, I already entered those. But what I don’t have entered is item 1, item 2, 3, 4, and 5. And I’d like to go ahead and enter those to have them in the dataset, so if I go back and look at this file at a later time, I’ll remember that a 5 corresponded to strongly agree and a 1 corresponded to strongly disagree, so in other words I’ll know which direction this scale is scored, and what I mean by that is higher scores indicate greater social support because people strongly agreed with a given item. Whereas lower scores indicated less social support. Since we’re looking at entering value labels, let’s begin with item 1. So I could either double-click on item 1 or I could go to the variable view tab. Let’s go ahead and double-click on item 1 right at the column heading here that’s “name”. So I double-click on that and notice it takes me to the variable view window. So that’s a quick way to get there if you want to access the variable view window. And then we’ll go to the “values” column here, click on the “None” cell and then notice the 3 dots appear. So I click on that and then here let’s start with

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Video on adding Likert items together to create a total score: http://youtu.be/7jxpSLZCBsw

Likert Scales
Strongly Agree to Strongly Disagree
Likert in SPSS

Comments (19)

  1. Can I apply that in a questionnaire Google form ? to directly obtain the results ..but I can't put the 1 to 5 ..

  2. how to enter a data for two questionnaires in one spss file? My objective is to compare two groups (teachers and students) it is the same questionnaire and it is a five Likert scale .please I need an answer.

  3. Good day! I really need help. I am having a research with regards to the impact of technology towards the lifestyle, health and performance of the students in arts. What appropriate test statistic should I should I use? Please I need he answer. Can somebody help me please?

  4. Lol i clicked on this video in hopes to hear the proper way to pronounce "Likert"… thanks for starting out the vid that way!

  5. hii I am doing satisfaction level of employees. I have a question. please somebody help me. i have 68 questions which belongs to 13 factor,. I want to know the percentage of each factor. for example, q1, q2,q3, q4 and q5 belongs to one factor, and q6 to q12 belongs another factor. so how should I calculate this. please somebody help me..

  6. Dude… consider your audience. Anyone watching this video knows how a Likert-scale works… It took you two minutes to get to the real information

  7. How can I merge a few question (likert scale) to a histogram?
    for example question 1, 5, 10, dan 15 in item 1. So I want to combine all the questions become on single histogram.

  8. i have a question .. my 1st variable have 11 questions and second 5 and so on. all variables have different number of questions. is there any any video regarding that..

  9. if you ask, "On a scale of 1-10 (10 being most enjoyable), how much did you enjoy this walk?" How would you code or enter this data?

  10. Dear, It's a sublime lecture. But I need more clear tutors for about dependent and independent variables coding, input and analysis process. Fore instance I have 4 independent variables and each variable have 6 questions which is developed 5 point likert scale. So first how can I enter those items to SPSS and how can I get a respective result for each four variables to develop regression and correlation? Thank you indeed!

  11. This is really helpful thanks. But I have a question. when recode which results to include in the research (in my case) the original one or the recoded ? In my case I had to recode all the items because I rated them from strongly agree to strongly disagree so the highest mean score indicated a negative attitude. so i recoded my items to get a positive mean score but which result shall I insert in my paper?

  12. Hai I was wondering if I want to make correlation between dependent and independent variable, but here in my dependent variable it has 10 question in the questionnaire,how can i combine all this questions to get 1 value before i start doing the correlation?

  13. Say for example you had 3 groups; Year 7, Year 9 and Year 11 group. You distribute 30 questionnaires to each year group using a likert scale of 1-5. Would you recommend using a Anova test or a Kruscal-Wallis Test?

Comments are closed.